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Welcome back everyone!

After preparing the earth and surrounding space (you can see those steps here in Phase 3), it was time to start building the foundation. We need to keep the moisture of the earth from reaching the wooden foundation, so the first step was to roll out some tar shingle paper across the 5 meter circle. This paper lays across the top of all of the bricks that were placed in the previous phase.

Once the shingle paper was laid, the next step was to build the first part of the foundation. Using OSB (or compressed plywood boards), the measurements were made, the boards were cut, and the foundation started to take shape. Most yurts are built just as a circular structure, as is this one, but we decided to add two additional sleeping cabins on either side of the circle as you can see in the video at the bottom of this page.

www.onenomadwoman.com, yurta, build a yurt, germanyWhen the foundation was done, the following step was to build the framing on top of it that would hold the insulation. Basically this step was done by taking 2 by 4 studs of wood and creating a maze of rectangles similar to the framing of a wall before applying sheet rock. After all the boarders were complete, the spaces were filled with Dry Insulation Infill which is used for thermal insulation in cavities (roofs, timber joist floors, and stud walls). This insulation was chosen and used between the boards as it does absorb moisture, as it is essentially blown up pieces of sand. Another option would be to use foam gas as it does not absorb moisture and the gaps of wood in between would not be needed.

 

With the bottom layer of the foundation of the yurt complete, and filled with the insulation, it was now time to build the actual floor of the yurt. For this project, it was decided that bamboo would be the best choice as it is strong and relatively inexpensive. Remember that a yurt is a movable structure, and keeping the materials light make moving it much easier should you decide to do that in the future, so if you plan to move it, using cork instead of bamboo for the floor might be a better choice.

The bamboo flooring came pre-cut into 97cm pieces that have groves cut into the ends of them. The pieces are fit together like a puzzle with simple wood glue placed in the groves before they are locked together. Once the floor has been put down, the excess edges are cut to fit the circle shape of the yurt. The final step for the floor was to lightly coat in a circular pattern with a Bio oil/wax mixture that is painted on to protect the wood.

And whala! The floor is completed!

Next step- phase 5 – the walls and ceiling …

Phase 3- Preparing the space for the yurt build.

The first thing we did after deciding where to build the yurts, was to measure off the space and start clearing the trees and brush that were there. In Germany, there is a 3 meter rule in that you must not build anything within 3 meters of the neighbors property, so we were sure to keep that in mind as we planned and prepared the clearing and building space.

yurt build, how to build a yurt, jonathan seminarhotel, www.onenomadwoman.comAfter climbing a few trees and having a bit of a chainsaw massacre, we finally had room to build up and around in the space, so it was time to bring in the heavy machines to start digging up the earth in order to get the ground level and ready for the foundation.

A couple small truck loads of fresh earth were brought in, followed by another couple loads of gravel. The earth was used to fill in some of the gaps and make the ground more level, while the gravel was used to make the ground more solid as the earth itself was quite soft.

Once the gravel was spread into the 5 meter space, a vibrating machine was brought in to pound the stones into the earth in order to create a more solid surface in which to build the foundation on. This machine was very useful and essential in the process, and we do not recommend skipping this step if you are working with a soft earth surface!

 

During this time, a 3 meter level was used to check the levels of the area so that the bricks which would be used to support the bottom layer of the foundation would all be at the same height (we really don’t want a leaning yurt!)

After the vibrating and leveling was complete, the bricks were placed according to the plans and now the project is ready for Phase 4- building the foundation.

Keep a look out for the series of videos to follow documenting how to build a yurt from start to finish! You can subscribe to the feed if you really don’t want to miss it!

Below is the video that shows the progress of Phase 3- Preparing the space.

 

If you have not yet read Part One of How do Build a Yurt, You can read that here.

So, you want to build a yurt, well here in Phase 2 it’s all about the planning.

Yurt Build Phase 2- Planning the dimensions

Before starting the clearing of land and trees if necessary and the purchasing of supplies process, a road map of sorts to the completion of the project from start to finish is created. One of the steps is to design the yurt itself which appears to take quite a skilled hand in carpentry and geometry.

Below is the video explanation and a picture of the design dimensions for this particular project. Keyar and Claudius are the chief engineers of this build and together created and built the design. If you would like to contact them to design something for you, their information can be found here and at the end of the video!

Claudius : sinnergon@gmx.net  and  Keyar (in this video) : Keyar@jurtenlust.de

Keep a look out for the series of videos to follow documenting how to build a yurt from start to finish! You can subscribe to the feed if you really don’t want to miss it!

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